GUARANI PERMACULTURE AND AGRICULTURE

Permaculture is a term originated from the English “Permanent Agriculture” and was created by Bill Mollison and David Holmgren in the 70’s of the last century.

Over the years it has come to be understood as a “Permanent Culture” as it encompasses a wide range of knowledge from diverse scientific fields, extending far beyond agriculture.

Nowadays, permaculture goes from understanding ecology, reading landscape, recognizing natural patterns, using energy and managing natural resources, in order to plan and create sustainable and productive human environments in balance. and harmony with nature.

Nowadays permaculture is considered a holistic and socio-environmental science, which combines scientific knowledge with the traditional folk and, of course, aims at our permanence as a species on Earth.

Permaculture has three ethics and some principles of planning that are based on observing the ecology and sustainable way of interaction, production and life of traditional populations with nature, always working for it and never against: Taking care of the land, Taking care of the people and Caring for the Future (Dixon, 2014; Harland, 2018; McKenzie and Lemos, 2008) encouraging limits on growth and consumption (Mollison, 1988) and fair sharing (Holmgren, 2002).

This form of food production and life comes close to the idea of ​​’Guarani agriculture’; which, for some years now, has been working with groups in the Tekoa on the principles of agroecology, even in counterpoint to the government policy of ‘conventional agriculture’ in the Indigenous Lands – TI. However, in conversations and observations, we are understanding that ‘Guarani agriculture’ is still greater than agroecology and permaculture; Thus, knowing the areas of farmers who have the vision of permaculture and being able to experience the Tekoa that has lived this way for many years, greatly enriches the understanding of the world perceptions involved in the background. Culture is also in the way we relate to our surroundings.